The End of Incineration Plants
>Feedstock recycling technologies will replace incineration plants
The growing number of waste thermal treatment plants is to change the currently prevalent method of waste neutralisation through landfilling. This, however, often takes place at the expense of recycling levels, meaning that it does not bring the expected benefits, because:
- burning plastic generates nearly three times more greenhouse gas emissions than recycling,
- recycling can create between 10 and 20 times more workplaces than when compared to an incineration plant,
- incineration plants are one of the most expensive methods of energy generation and waste neutralisation; the cost of a new plant varies between USD 150 and 230 million,
- incineration plants process materials 90% of which can be recycled or composted.
The majority of European countries are heading in the wrong direction when it comes to plastic waste management. Instead of working on improving recycling levels, the lion’s share of waste, in some countries as much as 70-80%, is irreversibly lost in incineration plants.
Incineration plants are not capable of energy recovery
Moreover, incineration plants can recover a maximum of 20% of the energy held in plastic waste. This amount is very limited when compared to the pyrolysis process, which forms the basis of Petrel technology, which makes it possible to recover as much as 90% of the energy from waste.